FACT: Emotional and mental health problems are often the first consequence and sign of child sexual abuse.
FACT: Sexual behavior problems and over-sexualized behavior are a very common consequence of child sexual abuse.
39% of 7 to 12-year-old girls with a history of child sexual abuse had academic difficulties.
7 to 12 year-old girls with a history of child sexual abuse were 50% more likely to display cognitive ability below the 25th percentile.
26% of 7 to 12 year-old girls with a history of child sexual abuse reported that their grades dropped after they were abused and 48% had below-average grades. A history of child sexual abuse significantly increases the chance of dropping out of school.
FACT: Substance abuse problems beginning in childhood or adolescence are some of the most common consequences of child sexual abuse.
FACT: Delinquency and crime, often stemming from substance abuse, are more prevalent in adolescents with a history of child sexual abuse.
Girls who are sexually abused are 2.2 times as likely as non-abused peers to become teen mothers.
45% of pregnant teens report a history of child sexual abuse.
Males who are sexually abused are more likely than their non-abused peers to impregnate a teen. In fact, several studies indicate that the sexual abuse of boys is a stronger risk factor for teen pregnancy than the sexual abuse of girls.
What are the long-term consequences of child sexual abuse? Child sexual abuse has lasting consequences for victims. The real tragedy is that it robs children of their potential, setting into motion a chain of events and decisions that affect them throughout their lives.
Adults with a history of child sexual abuse are more than twice as likely to report a suicide attempt. Females who are sexually abused are three times more likely to develop psychiatric disorders than females who are not sexually abused.
Among male survivors, more than 70% seek psychological treatment for issues such as substance abuse, suicidal thoughts and attempted suicide.
FACT: Obesity and eating disorders are more common in women who have a history of child sexual abuse.
Middle-aged women who were sexually abused as children were twice as likely to be obese when compared with their non-abused peers.
FACT: Child sexual abuse is also associated with physical health problems in adulthood. It is theorized that this is a consequence of the substance abuse, mental health issues and other consequences that survivors of child sexual abuse face.
Not only do survivors of child sexual abuse have more minor health conditions, they are at greater risk for more serious conditions as well.
*****Adults with a history of child sexual abuse are 30% more likely than their nonabused peers to have a serious medical condition such as diabetes, cancer, heart problems, stroke or hypertension.
Male sexual abuse survivors have twice the HIV-infection rate of non-abused males. In a study of HIV-infected 12 to 20 year olds, 41% reported a sexual abuse history.
FACT: Adult survivors of child sexual abuse are more likely to become involved in crime, both as a perpetrator and as a victim. This is likely a product of a higher risk for substance abuse problems and associated lifestyle factors.
As adults, child sexual abuse victims were almost twice as likely to be arrested for a violent offense as the general population (20.4% versus 10.7%).
Males who have been sexually abused are more likely to violently victimize others.
Child sexual abuse has lasting consequences for societies. When the prevalence of child sexual abuse is combined with its economic burden, the results are staggering.
This includes immediate costs, as well as loss of productivity and increased healthcare costs in adulthood. While this estimate is for all forms of child maltreatment, there is evidence that the consequences of child sexual abuse are equivalent or greater than the consequences of other forms of child maltreatment. This estimate is comparable to that of many other high profile public health problems, indicating the impact and seriousness of the issue of child maltreatment. For example, the lifetime costs of stroke per person were estimated at $159,846 (2010 dollars).The total lifetime costs associated with type 2 diabetes were estimated between $181,000 and $253,000 (2010 dollars) per case.
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